Advaita Vedanta — Philosophy of Sripada Shankaracharya
- There is no difference between soul and supersoul.
- The individual is none other than God/Brahman/Supersoul.
- God is real but the world is false. Whatever we see, hear, feel etc. in this world is all false.
- God (Brahman) is impersonal without any attributes.
- Your soul, my soul and everyone’s soul are one and not multiple/different.
- Knowledge alone can give salvation.
- The “I”, the ahamkara or ego (of any type) doesn’t exist upon mukti or moksha.
Achintya Bheda abheda Vedanta — The Philosophy of Lord Chaitanya,the incarnation of Sri Krishna :
- The individual souls and supersoul are same in quality but different in quantity just like sun and it’s rays or gold and it’s particles. Thus we (individual souls) and God are different as well as same. I’m quoting a detailed example for a better understanding of this Vedanta : Srila Prabhupada says in Gita introductory chapter : A particle of gold is also gold, a drop of water from the ocean is also salty, and similarly we the living entities, being part and parcel of the supreme controller, īśvara, or Bhagavān, Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, have all the qualities of the Supreme Lord in minute quantity because we are minute īśvaras, subordinate īśvaras. We are trying to control nature, as presently we are trying to control space or planets, and this tendency to control is there because it is in Kṛṣṇa. But although we have a tendency to lord it over material nature, we should know that we are not the supreme controller. This is explained in Bhagavad-gītā. Ref:
- The individual souls are subordinate to Lord or dependent on Lord eternally.
- The world is real but temporary.
- God has a Spiritual, eternal form with spiritual or transcendental qualities. His bodily effulgence is known as Brahman.
- The individuals are different souls which are of same quality and quantity compared to each other.
- Bhakti alone can give salvation.
- Moksha is not the destruction of the “I” in the atman, but it is the destruction of the false sense of “I”, the ahamkara (false ego or pride), confusion of oneness with the body, karma and so on. The true “I” of the individuality of the soul persists even through moksha because it is a different entity than Supersoul (Krishna), who is the inner soul of the atman.
To learn more about Vedanta, you can study the Vedanta Sutra:
Hare Krishna !