The Lord is All-pervading


IMG_20170502_183539

Vedanta Sutra chapter 3, Pada 2:

Adhikaraṇa 18: The Lord is All-pervading

Viṣaya [thesis or statement]: Now, to show that the object of worship is always nearby, the truth that the Supreme Lord is all-pervading will be described. Otherwise, if the Supreme Lord were not always nearby, then there would not be enthusiasm to love the Lord, and love for the Lord would become slackened. In the Gopāla-tāpanī Upaniṣad it is said:

eko vaśī sarva-gaḥ kṛṣṇa īḍyaḥ

“Lord Kṛṣṇa, the supreme controller and the supreme object of worship, is present everywhere.”

Saṁśaya [doubt]: Is Lord Hari, the supreme object of meditation, all-pervading, or does He stay only in one place?

Pūrvapakṣa [the opponent speaks]: Because the Lord is of moderate height, and because He stays aloof from the material world, the Lord cannot be everywhere and does not go to every place. Therefore the Lord is not all-pervading.

Siddhānta [conclusion]: In the following words the author of the sūtras (Srila Vyasadeva) gives His conclusion.

Sūtra 3.2.38

anena sarvagatatvam āyāma-śabdādibhyaḥ

anena – by Him; sarva – everywhere; gata – going; tvam – the state of being; āyāma – allpervasiveness; śabda – Śruti-śāstra; ādibhyaḥ – beginning with.

“He is everywhere, for the Śruti-śāstra and other scriptures declare that He is all-pervading.”

Even though His form is of a moderate height, the Supreme Personality of Godhead is all-pervading. Why is that? The sūtra explains, āyāma-śabdādibhyaḥ: “The Śruti-śāstra and other scriptures declare that He is all-pervading.” Here the word āyāma means ‘all-pervading.’ The word ādi [beginning with] here means “Because He has inconceivable potencies.”

In the Gopāla-tāpanī Upaniṣad it is said:

eko vaśī sarva-gaḥ kṛṣṇa īḍyaḥ

“Lord Kṛṣṇa, the supreme controller and the supreme object of worship, is present everywhere.”

In the Taittirīya Araṇyaka it is said:

yac ca kiñcij jagat sarvaṁ

dṛśyate śrūyate ‘pi vā

antar bahiś ca tat sarvaṁ

vyāpya nārāyaṇaḥ sthitaḥ

“Lord Nārāyaṇa is present everywhere. He is within and without everything. He is within everything that has ever been seen or heard.”

In this way it is declared that, even though He has a form of moderate height, the Supreme Personality of Godhead is certainly all-pervading. Because of His inconceivable potencies the Lord is greater than all and present everywhere, even though His form is of a moderate height. In Bhagavad-gītā [9.4-5], the Supreme Lord Himself declares:

mayā tatam idaṁ sarvaṁ

jagad avyakta-mūrtinā

mat-sthāni sarva-bhūtāni

na cāhaṁ teṣv avasthitaḥ

na ca mat-sthāni bhūtāni

paśya me yogam aiśvaram

“By Me, in My unmanifested form, this entire universe is pervaded. All beings are in Me, but I am not in them. And yet everything that is created does not rest in Me. Behold My mystic opulence!”

Because the Supreme Lord is different from matter does not mean that He cannot be all-pervading within the material world, for the Śruti-śāstra clearly declares that He is certainly present within and without. The scriptures also affirm that as oil is present in sesame seeds and as butter is present in yogurt, so the Supreme Lord is present everywhere. In this way it is proved that worshipable Lord Hari is present everywhere. This is clearly shown in His Dāmodara pastime. Even though He was a small child, still He displayed His power of being all-pervading.

Reference: Govinda Bhashya by Srila Baladeva Vidyabhushana (Translation by Kushakratha dasa)

Hare Krishna 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s